Usually, a verb is that part of a speech used to indicate the state of being. It is also used to describe an occurrence or an action. In most cases, a verb is well understood by the work it does rather than talking about it or trying to describe it. For instance, the word “rain” can be taken as a verb or a noun; and therefore, what a verb does will clearly bring out the difference. Simply, a verb will move sentences along in many different ways hence, different kinds of verbs.      

Kinds of Verbs

A verb is an important part of an English question or sentence. Actually, it is likely that all questions and sentences have a verb in it. This highlights how important verbs can be. It signals an occurrence, an action or a state of being in the sentence or question.
1

Action Verbs

As the names suggest, action verbs primarily express action. For instance, sit, eat, cycle, etc. They describe things and actions that occur rather than the state of something. An action verb is primarily applied in a progressive aspect commonly used for all actions that are in progress. Most of the action verbs are categorized as transitive or intransitive. What this means is that, some verbs are used along with direct objects while others don’t. The object here can be a thing or a person receiving an action of a certain subject.


Definition

Sample Verbs

Sentence Examples

Transitive Verbs

Verbs that are used together with a direct object. The object can be a thing or a person.

1. Owe

2. Feed

3. Make

4. Drive

5. Lift 

1. Richard owes Jimmy some money.

2. He feeds his children while their mother is away.

3. She makes jewelry to sell at the market. 

Intransitive Verbs

Verbs that don’t have a direct object for their meaning to be communicated. In most cases, they are followed by an adverb, adjective, verb complement or a preposition.

1. Die

2. Arrive

3. Respond

4. Wait

5. Sit

6. Look

1. His sister diedof Malaria.

2. We arrived at school very late.

3. Mary responded to all questions in the exam.

2

Auxiliary Verbs & Lexical Verb

Among the many kinds of verbs in English, auxiliary verbs and lexical verbs are very useful.


Definition

Sample Verbs

Sentence Examples

Auxiliary Verbs

Verbs  that come before main verbs in a verb phrase

1. Be

2. Shall

3. May

4. Could  

1. If all goes well, I will be going home today.

2. We shall meet tomorrow in the afternoon and discuss the matter we left pending.

3. We may go shopping anytime from now because the rains have stopped.

Lexical Verb

All other verbs other than auxiliary verbs. It is a main verb.

1. Come

2. Rest

3. Organize

4. Handle  

1. He will be coming home for dinner.

2. He rested in the shadow after a tedious job in the garden.

3. Thomas will be organizing the group before he travels.

3

Dynamic Verbs & Stative Verbs

Dynamic verbs and stative verbs are among the most common kinds of verbs in English which one should know about.


Definition

Sample Verbs

Sentence Examples

Dynamic Verbs

A verb basically used to show a process, an action or a sensation rather than a state.

1. Drive

2. Grow

3. Throw

4.  Hit

5.  Repair

1. He drives carefully down the hill.

2. Mathew is growing old.

3. She threw a stone at me angrily.

Stative Verb

A verb basically used to define a situation or state.

1. Have

2. Seem

3. Know

1. What do you have to say about his behavior nowadays?

2. You seem too tired to continue working today.

3. Do you know anything about verbs?

4

Finite Verbs & Nonfinite Verbs

There are different kinds of verbs in English, finite verbs and nonfinite verbs are two of them.


Definition

Sample Verbs

Sentence Examples

Finite Verbs

A verb that agrees with a given subject in a sentence. It is usually marked for tense.

1. Appear

2. Promise

3. Enjoy

4. Love

5. Hate  

1. He appears sick.

2. Jane promised to change her behavior.

3. Gladys said that she enjoyed learning more about verbs.

Nonfinite Verb

A verb that has no distinction in different tense. It cannot be used unaccompanied as the main verb in a given question or sentence.

1. Expand

2. Leave

3. Smile 

1. You can expand your boundary.

2. We may leave after 10.00pm.

3. She had a reason to smile.

5

Regular Verbs & Irregular Verbs


Definition

Sample Verbs

Sentence Examples

Regular Verbs

A verb whose past participle and past tense is attained by adding –d or –ed or –t for some. It is sometimes called a weak verb.

1. Accept

2. Arrive

3. Fence

4. Deliver

1. I accepted the offer.

2. He has just arrived.

3. He fenced the area.  

Irregular Verb

Also called a strong verb. It does not usually follow the rules for common verb forms.  They usually do not have the predictable –ed ending.

1. Get

2. Go

3. Say

4. See

5. Come

6. Take

7. Sleep

1. He got his business running at the right time.

2. We went (go) home early.

3. They came by bus on a Saturday morning.

ANY IDEAS ABOUT THIS TOPIC?

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  • Marianne AningatOct.5 08:27
    Hello! Thank you very much for this! I used to teach English 20 years ago and somehow I need to brush up on my grammar etc. This is most informative.
  • Thomas LokooSep.21 17:36
    i was kinda hoping for like other ones
  • SuyankJul.23 17:31
    It is verry good it inproved my english. I you www.enkivillage.com
  • JolieJul.15 08:12
    It is the first time I read the verb classes. I feel clearly and useful for my english when chosing verb in sentences.
  • JyotiJun.11 18:04
    very good and very interesting. Problem- solving one for students with low grades. Keep awaring about other items. Effective methods for understanding. Thanks a lot.
  • Epsit BhardwajFeb.9 00:12
    Thanks for providing such useful matter. I liked it.
  • RANJITH RAGHAVANFeb.26 19:10
    @ : @ RANJITH RAGHAVAN 145154.. Thank you. It was great and I learned a lot and now i will teach others also.
  • Fatemeh MoeinadiniNov.13 14:01
    Thanks lot for such a usefull task. I Learned alot
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  • francesJun.5 02:32
    For real the lesson is good I have enjoyed and little bit I'm aware about types of verbs
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