Left lower quadrant pain is the name commonly used to describe pain in your lower left part of the abdomen. Lower left abdominal pain is usually linked to the digestive tract. However, the condition can also be related to complications of the skin, reproductive organs, urinary tract, body wall or the blood vessels. The condition causes tenderness and a severe pain that may cause rigidity in the abdomen region.

What Causes Lower Left Abdominal Pain?

The lower left quadrant (LLQ) comprises of the descending colon, left ovary, kidney, sigmoid colon, left ureter, left spermatic cord, the uterus and the bladder.
1

Diverticulitis

This condition is common in older people and is usually felt as a sharp pain in the left side of the abdomen. The pain results from a bulge formation along the left bowel walls accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Fever

  • A steadily or suddenly emerging LLQ pain

  • Swelling in the lower left abdomen region

  • Diarrhea with sporadic bright red blood

2

Constipation

Constipation could seem as a continuous constraining pain, usually in the LLQ. It is usually caused by food with low-fiber content like cakes, meat, etc., insufficient water, dry food, skipping meals and bodily pain. Such conditions will most likely lead to sharp pain in lower left abdomen.

3

Urinary Tract Disorders

An infection of the urinary tract is usually linked to pain during urination or a continuous urge to urinate. The infections are normally microbial infections affecting the excretory system that comprises of the kidneys, bladder and ureter or urethra. 

A bacterial infection on the bladder leads to a condition known as cystitis that can also lead to lower left abdominal pain, a burning sensation during urination or a recurrent urge to urinate and pelvis discomfort.

4

Bowel Related Conditions

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are common causes of left abdominal pain. For the Crohn’s disease, abdominal pain is usually one of the first symptoms useful in diagnosing the condition. These inflammatory bowel conditions cause acute pain in the abdomen, severe diarrhea, vomiting and rectal bleeding among other complications.

Lower abdominal pain is also a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome that is usually characterized by an unusual gut contraction. Other symptoms of this bowel related condition are irregular bowel movements, passing stools with mucus, abdominal cramping and flatulence.

5

Kidney Disorders

A disorder of the kidneys (kidney stones) is normally caused by high amounts of calcium or uric acid in the body. Dehydration can also be a cause of kidney stones. A common symptom is having a lower left abdominal pain, fever, nausea, groin pain and vomiting.

Lower left abdominal pain can also be caused by an infection of the kidneys. It usually begins with the bladder and then reaches out to the kidneys. The acute pain can also be felt alongside continuous urination, burning sensations while urinating and hematuria among other symptoms.

6

Conditions Particular to Women

The ectopic pregnancy condition in women can lead to a pain in the lower left part of the abdomen. Other causes can be ligament pain emanating from luteal cysts and the expanding uterus among others. 

Endometriosis, which involves the growth of the uterus tissue lining outside the uterine cavity leads to pain, irritation, and the growth of adhesions. It may also lead to constipation, diarrhea and pain while urinating and during menstruation.

How to Deal With Lower Left Abdominal Pain

1

Do Not Hesitate to Seek Medical Help

Lower left abdominal pain can be a result of acute medical conditions. Therefore, you need to look out for urgent medical attention. When you have no bowel movements or have blood in your vomit, a rigid abdomen, and blood in your stool, an abrupt start of an acute pain, vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain during pregnancy, you should call 911 at once. A decreased appetite, bladder symptoms and a fever should also make you worry and go for medical checkup.

2

Make Some Dietary Changes

The conditions leading to sharp pain in lower left abdomen are a result of poor eating habits. Therefore, it is highly advisable to take a balanced diet in your meals. Make sure you drink at least 8 glasses of water per day. This will avert tummy related issues like constipation and gas. More than a balanced diet, you need to watch over the kind of food you take in. Carefully note the foods that cause irritation to your abdomen and keep off them.

3

Try Some Lifestyle Changes

Bodily exercises like waist dance and yoga are very helpful in making the abdominal muscles relax. This is an effective way of taking the abdominal pain away. Avoid putting a lot of pressure on the affected abdominal area by sleeping well. Get the help of a fitness instructor and learn more on how to sleep well in order to reduce the lower left abdominal pain.

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  • RaveenaDec.7 21:43
    I had fever for a week in the month of October(last week of October) and then I got this swelling on my upper left abdomen without pain but suddenly there was slight pain and then swelling on my lower left abdomen as well. Got a full X ray and sonography done of the abdomen but nothing came out. And now after almost a month the pain has become worse and has started affecting my back. Any idea what it could be?
  • AmitaNov.28 10:27
    I had been having pain on my left lower abdomen since 3 days and a slight dizziness. Cannot figure out any other symptoms. Can anyone help me out?
  • AnnetteNov.19 10:07
    Llq stomach pain that wraps around to my back and sends pain down the back of my left leg. Did blood work, chest and back x-rays but no results as of yet. I am scheduled for a pelvic ultrasound and a echocardiogram. I have fibroids and cysts on both ovaries, I am also anemic. I am a 54 year old Afro-American female. Now just as of this morning I have nausea. Any ideas any one? My only relief at this point are prescribed pain medications or just lay on a heating pad.
  • JulianaDec.3 20:50
    @ : It may have something to do with a vertebrae being out or putting pressure on nerve/muscles. I am not a doctor, but I monthly see my naturopath for my back alignment as I have a lot of pain all through. sore knees, headaches-spikes/dull , pelvis joints -cant make big steps or walk fast, tightness in shoulders, sore arms, and mainly bowel /abdomen issues- which all get resolved for a short while after realignment. basically -if a vertebrae moves out if's position, puts pressure on all sorts of muscles and nerves. few of them are with the abdomen and the symptoms are varied. pins and needles, pain all through the sides, can block the gasses in, constipation, folding the intestine (causing horrible pain), even leg pain (pelvic to the knee) and also ovaries as they are also connected to the intestine and muscles and nerves. I could easily have PCOS, endometriosis and IBS but hard to tell because my back is out most time (week muscles and mineral deficiency and tests for them aren't cheap). I drink Vitamic C (helps a lot but have to be often), massage the abdomen and back (long , light,easy movement -NOT too much pressure and short movement) , icepack! - but not where the kidneys are, and muscle relaxant (which Vit C helps -mine has lots of magnesium - so that are a must). hope this helps.
  • TammyNov.13 23:13
    I have had a total hysterectomy. I used to have endometriosis...but now I have extreme pain in urination. I eat well and have NO gastrointestinal issues, I still have my ovaries...but THIS isn't from ovulation pain. I'm baffled. Guess I'm hitting the VA this week...yes I am also a Navy veteran. I have no idea what this could be.
  • I'm having llq pain. That's running from my sphine too left side. No vomiting, no blood on stool,no fevers at all. What u think maybe my problem?
  • I just feel this pain this morning. Its not continues pain. When I press my left abdominal it get hurts. My wife gave me some tea . I burf and feel a little bit comfort. But the pain constantly feel.
  • ReillyNov.4 21:53
    Ester have you heard anything?? I am having discomfort in my LQ I have gone to the doc and thy have done tests on my bladder and my ovaries to no avail.I am starting to have discomfort inmy right side as well. This does get worse when I do physical activity( which sucks cause I am very active) the only comfort I can receive is to either add pressure to it or take medication and kill the pain. I am about to give up cause every doc I go to says I don't know it's not me, and gives me a different opinion of what it could be
  • Yeswanth kumarNov.3 13:00
    Sir I was suffering from pain on the lower part of my stomach sir and there is a severe fever yesterday and headache which are diagnised and cured sir but this pain is not cured as it came before 3 days
  • Tinamarie Nov.2 22:18
    I have been having left lower abdominal pain for a week and now I am throwing up. Any ideas please
  • VickyOct.27 20:07
    I have lower left abdominal pain and if I press my hand down on the area the pain is shocking and the pain runs down my left leg into my toes, no idea what it is and really need to go to the doctors.
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