Left lower quadrant pain is the name commonly used to describe pain in your lower left part of the abdomen. Lower left abdominal pain is usually linked to the digestive tract. However, the condition can also be related to complications of the skin, reproductive organs, urinary tract, body wall or the blood vessels. The condition causes tenderness and a severe pain that may cause rigidity in the abdomen region.

What Causes Lower Left Abdominal Pain?

The lower left quadrant (LLQ) comprises of the descending colon, left ovary, kidney, sigmoid colon, left ureter, left spermatic cord, the uterus and the bladder.


This condition is common in older people and is usually felt as a sharp pain in the left side of the abdomen. The pain results from a bulge formation along the left bowel walls accompanied by the following symptoms:

  • Fever

  • A steadily or suddenly emerging LLQ pain

  • Swelling in the lower left abdomen region

  • Diarrhea with sporadic bright red blood



Constipation could seem as a continuous constraining pain, usually in the LLQ. It is usually caused by food with low-fiber content like cakes, meat, etc., insufficient water, dry food, skipping meals and bodily pain. Such conditions will most likely lead to sharp pain in lower left abdomen.


Urinary Tract Disorders

An infection of the urinary tract is usually linked to pain during urination or a continuous urge to urinate. The infections are normally microbial infections affecting the excretory system that comprises of the kidneys, bladder and ureter or urethra. 

A bacterial infection on the bladder leads to a condition known as cystitis that can also lead to lower left abdominal pain, a burning sensation during urination or a recurrent urge to urinate and pelvis discomfort.


Bowel Related Conditions

Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are common causes of left abdominal pain. For the Crohn’s disease, abdominal pain is usually one of the first symptoms useful in diagnosing the condition. These inflammatory bowel conditions cause acute pain in the abdomen, severe diarrhea, vomiting and rectal bleeding among other complications.

Lower abdominal pain is also a symptom of irritable bowel syndrome that is usually characterized by an unusual gut contraction. Other symptoms of this bowel related condition are irregular bowel movements, passing stools with mucus, abdominal cramping and flatulence.


Kidney Disorders

A disorder of the kidneys (kidney stones) is normally caused by high amounts of calcium or uric acid in the body. Dehydration can also be a cause of kidney stones. A common symptom is having a lower left abdominal pain, fever, nausea, groin pain and vomiting.

Lower left abdominal pain can also be caused by an infection of the kidneys. It usually begins with the bladder and then reaches out to the kidneys. The acute pain can also be felt alongside continuous urination, burning sensations while urinating and hematuria among other symptoms.


Conditions Particular to Women

The ectopic pregnancy condition in women can lead to a pain in the lower left part of the abdomen. Other causes can be ligament pain emanating from luteal cysts and the expanding uterus among others. 

Endometriosis, which involves the growth of the uterus tissue lining outside the uterine cavity leads to pain, irritation, and the growth of adhesions. It may also lead to constipation, diarrhea and pain while urinating and during menstruation.

How to Deal With Lower Left Abdominal Pain


Do Not Hesitate to Seek Medical Help

Lower left abdominal pain can be a result of acute medical conditions. Therefore, you need to look out for urgent medical attention. When you have no bowel movements or have blood in your vomit, a rigid abdomen, and blood in your stool, an abrupt start of an acute pain, vaginal bleeding and abdominal pain during pregnancy, you should call 911 at once. A decreased appetite, bladder symptoms and a fever should also make you worry and go for medical checkup.


Make Some Dietary Changes

The conditions leading to sharp pain in lower left abdomen are a result of poor eating habits. Therefore, it is highly advisable to take a balanced diet in your meals. Make sure you drink at least 8 glasses of water per day. This will avert tummy related issues like constipation and gas. More than a balanced diet, you need to watch over the kind of food you take in. Carefully note the foods that cause irritation to your abdomen and keep off them.


Try Some Lifestyle Changes

Bodily exercises like waist dance and yoga are very helpful in making the abdominal muscles relax. This is an effective way of taking the abdominal pain away. Avoid putting a lot of pressure on the affected abdominal area by sleeping well. Get the help of a fitness instructor and learn more on how to sleep well in order to reduce the lower left abdominal pain.


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  • KimOct.18 01:36
    I had lower left side pain for years. My GP said there was nothing wrong. I kept complaining. He said it was all in my head. I finally got to see a gynecologist after bugging for 2 years. I had severe endometriosis. I had a total hysterectomy at 31. I should have sued but he died of cancer 3 years after.
  • SherryOct.14 00:00
    I have been having this llq pain for about two years. I also have lower back pain. I have it every day. It's worse if I stretch and becomes so painful that I feel as if I'm going to black out and it takes my breath away. The doctor says it's just coming from my back but I don't feel like that's the issue.
  • Bethan EvansOct.12 19:56
    I am against the insinuation in this article that all pain is due to dietary habits or exercise. I eat very well and run but still have crohns disease! It isn't something that can be controlled by diet unfortunately, it's something you have
  • WahidaOct.8 13:34
    Hi Heather I know exactly how you feel I have the same problem. I've had by blood tests done, urine tests, ultra sound and X rays. The doctor discovered I had fibroids, but says that's has nothing to do with the pain I'm feeling. I've even had cortisone injections in my lower back. I'm taking anti spasmetic medication in the event I have ibs but the pain is just there. It doesn't go away. Only when I lay down it feels a bit better but it never goes. When I wake up in the morning it's the worst. It's so frustrating
  • Christine DukeSep.30 09:02
    LLQ Pain with muscle spasms were I had surgery last year. They went through my stomach to take out my old fusion hardware and put new hardware in any ideas?
  • EstherSep.22 17:28
    I started working out on treadmill 3 days into walking I started to have pain in left lower abdomen it feel like an open sore inside my body, just to rub my hand over the area is irritating. Can any on please help with if they have had same problem.
  • BeaSep.15 16:48
    I have been seeing a pain management doc for a while now for my lower back. I have sever LLQ now and I can't tell if it's my back, hip or something else. It seems to be deep and generates from the front to back, any ideas? Does the pain you all speak of do this?
  • WendySep.15 12:07
    Having a lower back issue of the L4 or L5 can also make you feel pain in your left or right lower quadrants. A radiating groin strain can hurt down your thigh and groin but also radiate upwards towards the abdomen. A pelvic infection in women or ovulation or cysts on the ovaries can cause this as well. I'm a nurse, just throwing out issues I've had that have caused this. I've even had intervaginal ultrasounds and been like OMG u are touching exactly where it hurts but they say nothing is there! If can be frustrating! Keep bugging the snot outta your doctor or find one that will listen!
  • MarySep.14 19:05
    Please wat do I do,i have this pain on the left side of my stomach,the pain is at the lower side. Please somebody help me.wat do I do.its unbearable
  • Heather Sep.14 14:02
    I too have this pain that is "nothing." It was only about 1 time a month and worse at that time. I can't wear pants that button because it hurts my stomach/ lower abdomen so badly. I had my gallbladder removed about 5 years ago, while I did have a bad gall bladder, once the anesthesia wore off and out of my body a couple days later the pain came back. Eventually I, just stopped calling the doctors and spending the money to find out what it was/is. I began going on mission trips and watching my diet very very closely. I had a cyst burst after I arrived in Haiti and I thought wow, thank you .. It was fixed. Shortly after I returned the pain came back. Fast forward 2 years and the pain has been sharp and constant feeling like a stabbing localized pulled muscle gut pain. As if my guts are falling out. I wake up every single morning in pain. It is no longer once a month its daily and back to being worse during a certain time. I had an EGD/colonoscopy, a vaginal ultrasound, new meds, and an entirely new diet. All done before my 3rd mission trip this summer, the pain has become so constant and has really slowed me down. I don't feel sick, I would just rather lay down, or eat because sometimes that makes the pain "softer" or go away for a while. I also have a mole in that area, Ive had it checked and its fine but it itches constantly and I can't scratch the itch... It burns, hurts, and makes the pain of wearing pants extremely difficult, even wearing dresses hurts bc its like my abdomen is just hanging there. I did find out I had GERD, but now all that pain is back too... I have a clean bill of health otherwise. But when your constantly told its nothing and the doctors look at you like your crazy, and then they say "pain is a hard thing to find" what do you do..
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